Oriental Magpie Robin The National Birds of Bangladesh

The Oriental Magpie Robin
The Oriental Magpie Robin

Familiarity with Oriental Magpie Robin

The Oriental Magpie Robin is a small bird belonging to the class Passeriformes of the Chordate phylum in the animal kingdom. The scientific name of the Magpie Robin is Copsychus saularis. It is the national bird of Bangladesh.


The Oriental Magpie Robin Wide area:

The Oriental Magpie Robin spread to temperate regions of the Asian continent. It is found in most parts of the Indian subcontinent, from Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka to South China to the east and Southeast Asia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Borneo and Java to the south. Recently a species of Magpie Robin bird has also been seen in Australia.

Magpie Robin prefers to live near settlements or localities. As a result, they are more common in wooded forests, in the vicinity of cultivated lands, and in rural populated areas. However, they are not very common in the deep forest and in the hot weather.

The physical constitution of Magpie Robin

The Magpie Robin is 18-21 cm in length and weighs 31 to 42 grams. The wings are dark brown with clear white long spots. There are white patches on both sides of the wings that can be seen while flying. The wings have been shown solely to give a sense of proportion. The tail is black but the edges are white and the bottom of the tail is brownish-red. Their long tails are often erect on their backs. Neck-head-chest and forehead are shiny blacks. The abdomen is white with the surface of the legs. The side of the eye is dark black. The color of the eyeball is pink. The lips are black.

There are some differences in the physical constitution between males and females. The male Magpie Robin has a black upper body and a white belly below the neck. The upper part of the female Magpie Robin and the lower part of the neck are gray. The abdomen is not as bright as the male dowel, but a little pale white. But it is very beautiful to look at.

Oriental Magpie Robin Temperature:

The Oriental Magpie Robin is a singing bird. They can sing to different tunes. When there is no demand for food, they sit on the branches of trees and give sweet soft whistles. The tip of the tail dances. Magpie Robin's tail looks like a rooster's tail when sitting still. Magpie Robin can also mimic the calls of other birds.

They are brave, independent and restless birds, always jumping on tree branches or on the ground for searching for food. Their movements are marked by a kind of aristocracy that allows them to move to the locality during food collection and are easily attacked by cats, Fox's  or other predators.

During the breeding season, the male Magpie Robins sings very loudly and melodiously in the early morning and in the late afternoon to attract the female. However, the female can also call in the presence of the male. Magpie Robin starts singing before sunrise in the morning. And in the middle of the song, the rhythm of the trail rises. Doyle can sing for seven to thirty minutes in a row.

The Magpie Robin does not fly more than one row unless necessary. He prefers to jump on the ground in search of food. They are sometimes seen entering the house in search of food.

The Magpie Robin birds are not seen during the winter, the reason is that they do not sing during the winter, which is why we do not notice them at this time.

Many people like to keep them in the cage for the soft melody of the Magpie Robins even though they do not like the life of a cage.

If you want to listen to Oriental Magpie Robin's wonderful and heartwarming songs, you can watch this video.

The Magpie Robin's Diet:

The Magpie Robin's food list includes a variety of insects, earthworms, spiders, small snails date juice, and flower honey. Even lizards eat. They usually, go out in the morning in search of food, but sometimes they go out in the evening in search of food.


The breeding season of South Asian dowels is March to July; And January to July Doyle of Southeast Asia. During the breeding season, the body color of the male dowel is bright and shiny.

At the beginning of breeding, they build nests in pairs. It usually takes a week to build a house. They build their nests on small trees and roof cornices near people. Doyle is one of the nesting birds.

The material for making this bird's nest is a very thin branch of any tree. Human hair. Cattle fur and fur. Dry grass. There are also hay, weeds, snake bark, dried paddy husks, slender roots of the tree. The dried fiber of jute and banana.

Sitting on a branch of a tree, the male birds shout in various tunes to attract female birds. The mail bird comes around her partner, flutters her wings, swells her feathers, lifts her tail, and comes to her side. Female Magpie Robin lay four to five eggs together or at breaks of one day. The color of the egg is pale bluish-green with brown spots on it.

The female Magpie Robin lays the eggs and the eggs hatch after 10 to 14 days. And this time the male dowel works as a guard. During this time, the male birds become aggressive, preventing other birds from coming near the nest and trying to control the surrounding area. When a baby hatches from an egg, usually the eyes do not open for three days. At this time they are completely silent. After three to four days, they can call a little and tell their parents about their hunger. Both parents are responsible for feeding the baby but mother Magpie Robin is more active. About 15 days after hatching, the baby magpie robin can fly and it takes 15-20 days to become fully self-sufficient. Father magpie robin then throws them out of the house to live an independent life.

Economic importance of Oriental Magpie Robin

The Magpie Robin is a useful bird. They protect our crops by eating pests from our crops and vegetable fields. By eating the jute destroyer scorpion they help us for maintaining jute quality.  In addition, Magpie Robin plays an important role in the stability of the ecosystem.

Magpie Robin is The National Birds Of Bangladesh:

In the post-independence period, when the selection committee chooses a bird for declared the national birds of Bangladesh they given priority to white-breasted waterhens, herns, and sterlings as national birds. At this time, Professor Kazi Zakir Hossain of Dhaka University proposed to Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman to consider the Magpie Robin birds as the national bird. 
The reasoning behind this is the white-breasted waterhens, herns, and sterlings are rural birds that are rarely seen in urban areas. On the other hand, The Magpie Robin can be seen everywhere in towns and villages across the country. In that context, the Magpie Robin (dowel) bird was declared as the national bird of Bangladesh.

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